Сегодня Сагаалган – буддийский Новый год! С Новым счастьем

Буддийские традиции празднования

С началом широкого распространения тибетского буддизма в среде монгольских народов в XVII веке монгольский Цаган Сар включил в себя буддийскую ритуалы и мифологию.
Особенности Сагаалган За три для до наступления Сагаалган в религиозных заведениях проводится особый молебен, посвящённый десяти божествам-защитникам учения Дхармы, которые пытаются образумить всех противников буддизма (дхармапалам). Особое уважение среди них занимает богиня Балдан Лхамо – покровительница Лхасы (столицы Тибета). В её честь проводится отдельный молебен в канун Сагаалган. Чтобы получить благословение богини Балдан-Лхамо, рекомендуется не спать всю ночь либо же проснуться в 4-5 утра. Именно в это время до восхода солнца в дом заходит данное божество. Если упустить этот момент, то счастья в новом году не будет. А если Балдан-Лхамо увидит человека бодрствующим, то обеспечит ему своё покровительство и поможет в разрешении сложных житейских ситуаций. В храмах проводятся хуралы – торжественные службы, которые длятся всё ночь и заканчиваются утром в 6 часов. В это время звучат поздравления настоятеля для всех собравшихся в храме по поводу наступления Сагаалган. Что же касается домашнего обихода, то тут накануне праздника по полной ведётся уборка всех уголков жилых и нежилых помещений. Кроме того члены семьи, в знак уважения, готовят друг другу подарки, а женщины планируют меню на новогодний стол.
Основным императивом всей буддийской обрядности, связанной со встречей нового года, было избавление от всех грехов и скверн, накопленных в предыдущем году. Центральным ритуалом до сих пор остаётся покаянный однодневный пост (тиб.соджонг), сопровождаемый церемонией сожжения «сора» — чёрной пирамидки, символизирующей накопленное зло, подносимое в жертву духам местности. Ритуалы первых двух недель нового месяца связаны, во-первых, с чествованием новолетия, а во-вторых — с «пятнадцатью великими чудесами» Будды Шакьямуни и его победами над шестью учителями-иноверцами. Таким образом, празднование новолетия в буддийской Монголии пришло в соответствие с канонами празднования тибетского новогоднего торжества — Лосара.
В буддийской традиции празднование Нового года приходится в разные годы между концом января и серединой марта, на первое весеннее новолуние по лунному календарю. Дату встречи Нового года по лунному календарю ежегодно высчитывают по астрологическим таблицам. Из-за различий астрологических исчислений, учитывая, что на каждой территории лунный день начинается в свое время, в разных странах даты праздника могут не совпадать. Например, в России он наступает позже, чем в странах Азии. Традиционно в канун Нового года наиболее уважаемые и почитаемые ламы делают астрологические прогнозы для жителей каждой страны на будущий год.

Quidnunc. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…

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Even if you’re not a quidnunc, you probably know one. You can probably even use it fairly regularly at the office, saying things like, “Jim caught Janice from Accounting listening in on her conversation through the door. She’s such a quidnunc!”
A quidnunc is a person who has to know every little thing going on. They’re the ones who don’t seem to survive on food and air as much as on gossip (via Fine Dictionary), and gossiping is an occupation that’s as old as time itself. And speaking of occupation, it actually was one. The English Family Tree Association has assembled thousands of occupations from all over British history, and yes, you could be labeled a quidnunc. They say it refers to a person’s role as a politician in the more formal sense. That sounds right!
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Zounds (and company). Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…

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“Zounds!” sounds like it was invented just for Scooby Doo, but it wasn’t. According to Merriam-Webster, zounds was first used in 1592, and it was more polite way of saying “God’s wounds.” Uttering that kind of blasphemy was just out of the question, but where there’s a will, there’s a way. People have found all kinds of ways to get their points across without actually blaspheming, and it’s a shame we still don’t use most of these.
The epic ‘sblood dates from around the same time, and refers quite obviously to God’s blood. There’s gadzooks, a 17th-century curse seen as a slightly more polite way to curse by God’s hooks — in other words, the nails used to crucify Christ. There’s strewth, which didn’t show up until the 19th century and until people were cursing God’s truth, and there’s ‘sdeath, an addition the Collins Dictionary says comes from America. Even the Yanks were getting creative in the ways they cursed to God Almighty … while still hoping to fly under the radar and not offend too much.
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Sockdolager. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Sockdolager

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We kind of understand why sockdolager fell from favor, and it’s a weird story. Linguist James Harbeck says it’s an American word that became popular in the 19th century, and it’s a very American word, indeed. It means something along the lines of a final blow, whether it’s a physical one or a verbal one. It’s the knock-out punch, it’s the humdinger you deliver to end whatever shenanigans are afoot.
It’s also likely one of the last words President Abraham Lincoln ever heard. Right before he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, an actor on-stage for the performance of Our American Cousin delivered the line, “Well, I guess I know enough to turn you inside out, you sockdologising old man-trap.” The audience went wild because that’s what passed for humor in 1865, and amid the laughter, Booth fired that fatal shot.
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Oysterics. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Oysterics

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That’s as in, “The town was gripped with the oysterics as people started dropping like flies from the worst case of food poisoning anyone had ever seen.”
It’s a serious idea with a bit of a tongue-in-cheek wordplay, and archivist James Redding Ware says it’s a play on the word “hysterics.” At the turn of the 20th century, a very real health scare swept through England. It was believed bad oysters had caused an outbreak of typhoid fever, and the resulting public health panic was dubbed “oysterics.” The term was used for years after the original outbreak, and it probably needs to make a comeback because you can never have too much satire in the world.
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Twitterpated. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Twitterpated

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Twitterpated. It sounds innocent and a little bit adorable, doesn’t it? It’s the feeling of the racing heart, weak knees, and sweaty palms that happens when you see a new love walk into the room, and it’s a shame we don’t really use this one anymore.
It was popular for a while, and it should sound familiar. Oxford Dictionary says it was invented by Disney for that nightmare-inducing, childhood-ruining movie that masquerades as a cute little tale about woodland creatures, and of course, we’re talking about Bambi. Actually, you know what? No wonder no one uses it anymore. Too soon.
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Air-hole. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Air-hole

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That’s air-hole, stop giggling. It’s actually pretty depressing, too, and once you know what it is, you’ll feel more than a bit guilty if you did happen to laugh.
One thing we rarely take into consideration when we say we’d rather go back in time to live in Victorian England is the very big problem of body-disposal. The Guardian looked at just how bad it was, and it was bad. Cemeteries and churchyards were full, coffins were hacked to pieces and more bones were buried in the same plots. There’s other stuff you’d rather not know, so let’s just say reformers had their work cut out for them when they decided something had to be done.
That’s the era of air-holes. It was the name for small public gardens across London, according to archivist James Redding Ware. The catch? They were cemeteries converted into gardens, and there was rarely any effort taken to disguise what they once were. Most even still contained headstones, piled up or standing along the walls. Picnic, anyone?
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Ginchy/ginchiest. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Ginchy/ginchiest

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If someone came up to you and told you, “You’re just the ginichiest cat in town,” what would you do? Thank them? Hit them? Actually, that depends on what you think of the person who’s saying it to you because they just called you a very attractive, sexy sort of guy or gal (via Dictionary.com).
It was a huge compliment in the 1950s, and according to Turner Classic Movies, it was made popular by actor Edd Byrnes. You might not remember him as he sort of fell off the face of the earth after hitting a rocky patch in his career. (Heroin. He hit heroin). He was a lead on 77 Sunset Strip and played a carhop with aspirations of being a detective. Part of his shtick was his slang, including calling the coolest people he knew the “ginchiest.” The term ended up a part of the era’s pop culture, but it didn’t last.
by Debra Kelly
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Abraham-man. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Abraham-man

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There are a few different versions of the word Abraham-man, but Abram, Abram-cove, and Abram-man all mean the same thing. You know what it is, too, because he’s still a pretty popular character in a certain type of movie. If you’ve seen any period piece with a shady-looking, scruffy beggar spouting a whole lot of lunacy, that’s an Abraham-man.
According to A Dictionary of Slang and Colloquial English, Abraham started out as a 16th-century term for a used clothing store, then turned into a reference to hard work that didn’t pay well. An Abraham-man was then a man who wore ragged clothes and roamed the Elizabethan countryside, but he was more than just a beggar. He was someone who was putting on an act that had some kind of falsehood about it, whether he was stealing as he begged or acting like a nutter to get people to offer handouts in exchange for his disappearance down the road. Hey, at least he was his own boss.
by Debra Kelly
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip

Zozzled. Once popular words that no one uses anymore

Language is a funny old thing. We take it for granted most of the time, but it’s incredible to think that countless people have come to almost the same understanding of what some randomly ordered letters refer to. It’s even stranger when you start looking at things like slang words, or words that were once on the tip of every tongue that no one even remembers anymore. Some of these words need to be brought back. Others need to be forgotten…
Zozzled

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Some words are fun to say, and zozzled is one of them. It’s a friendly, fuzzy-sounding sort of word, and according to writer Sarah Zama, it was just one of the ways Prohibition-era people described someone as being drunk.
She says it’s likely a variation of the 1880s word sozzled, which is also fun and has also fallen out of popular use. It’s a particular kind of drunk, and you can use it to say things like, “Buster was so zozzled he didn’t even realize he sat down in someone else’s spilled drink, and fell asleep anyway.” It’s a messy, careless kind of sloppy drunk, and we all know those people.
Zama says there were a ton of words used to describe the state of drunkenness in the 1920s, and some (like plastered and tanked) have stayed in common parlance. Others haven’t, like blotto, stinko, spifflicated, ossified, and embalmed. With some of the horrible stuff happening during Prohibition, that last one was occasionally more accurate than you’d think.
by Debra Kelly
Read More: http://www.grunge.com/104449/popular-words-one-uses-anymore/?utm_campaign=clip